Dialect in British Fiction: 1800-1836Funded by The Arts and Humanities Research CouncilSupported by The University of Sheffield
Full record including Speech Extracts
?Layton (Jemima) or Starck (Henry Savile de)Bertrand; or, Memoirs of a Northumbrian Nobleman in the Seventeenth Century; Written by Himself. In Three Volumes.
Author Details
Surname:?Layton (Jemima) or Starck (Henry Savile de)
First Names:
Gender:Unknown
Anonymous:No
Publication Details
Publisher:Printed at the Minerva-Press, for Lane, Newman and Co. Leadenhall-Street.
Place:London
Date:1808
Novel Details
Genre:Historical; inheritance/identity; military
Setting:Northumberland
Period:1600s
Plot
This is really rather good, in that it is quite gripping and surprising. A young man and his sister lose their mother early. Their father remarries to a wife who seems sprightly and well-meaning, but gradually puts up barriers between children and father. The sister marries to escape her step-mother, the young man is forced into the Royalist army with Falkland. After an atrocious battle, he awakes naked and takes the clothes of some of the fallen. He finds shelter but succumbs to small pox. He writes to his father who is celebrating birth of a new son, and is denied on the basis that father knows his son is dead. He is then captured on the instructions of his step-mother and imprisoned by her lover, Colonel Stumpel, for 19 years in Germany. Eventually he meets his step-mother there who is also imprisoned - she dies, but not before passing him some treasures to give to her son. He travels and meets his step-brother who has his title. His step-brother is a good man and Bertrand stays incognito so as not to take place back. Eventually Colonel Stumpel turns up and attempts to extort money from Bertrand, they fight and both die, but not before his half-brother knows the true story and concludes the memoirs.
Overview of the Dialect
There is not that much dialect, but there are a couple of very minor female characters who are a touch non-standard, plus when Colonel Stumpel shows up he disguises himself as a 'black' and speaks accordingly. Throughout, there are lots of references to the fact that people are speaking in French or German, but no attempt to represent it on the page. Likewise, there is no attempt at a Northern dialect even for servants.
Displaying 3 characters from this novel    |    Highlight dialect features in each extract    |    Do not highlight dialect features in each extract
Speaker #1:Dame - Dame, Cottager, Wife of Praise-God-Barebones
Individual or Group:Individual
Primary Identity:Dame
Gender:Female
Age:Adult - elderly
Narrative Voice:3rd person
Role:Minor
Dialect Features:

Social Role
Social Role Description:Dame, Cottager, Wife of Praise-God-Barebones
Social Role Category:Respectable poor
Speaker's Origin
Place of Origin Description:Cottager in Newbury
Place of Origin Category:Newbury, Berkshire, South East England, England
Extract #1 dialect features:
Speakers: All , Dame
Extract #2 dialect features:
Speakers: All , Dame
Extract #3 dialect features:
Speakers: All , Dame
Extract #4 dialect features:
Speaker #2:Praise-God-Bare-Bones - Presbyterian, cottager, husband of dame
Individual or Group:Individual
Primary Identity:Praise-God-Bare-Bones
Gender:Male
Age:Adult - elderly
Narrative Voice:3rd person
Role:Minor
Dialect Features:

Social Role
Social Role Description:Presbyterian, cottager, husband of dame
Social Role Category:Respectable poor
Speaker's Origin
Place of Origin Description:Cottage new Newbury
Place of Origin Category:Newbury, Berkshire, South East England, England
Extract #1 dialect features:
Extract #2 dialect features:
Speaker #3:Colonel Stumpel (in disguise) - Colonel Stumpel disguised as African Slave
Individual or Group:Individual
Primary Identity:black mask
Gender:Male
Age:Adult - middle aged
Narrative Voice:3rd person
Role:Significant
Dialect Features:

Social Role
Social Role Description:Colonel Stumpel disguised as African Slave
Social Role Category:Slave
Speaker's Origin
Place of Origin Description:Appears to be of African descent, but really Colonel Stumpel in disguise
Place of Origin Category:Africa
Displaying 3 characters from this novel    |    Highlight dialect features in each extract    |    Do not highlight dialect features in each extract
Version 1.1 (December 2015)Background image reproduced from the Database of Mid Victorian Illustration (DMVI)